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Statistical Model for Differential Abortion Deaths. In 1969, Tietze de->ed a mathematical model to calculate the relative risks to life associated
contraception (highly effective—the pill—and moderately effective meth-
pregnancy, and abortion. The data summarized in Table 12 illustrate the difference between the risks of mortality from legal or medical abortion is criminal abortion. The mortality risks of medical abortion are unitedly slight, and, in fact, equal the risks reported for oral contraception ;r 100,000 users). Tietze concludes that the most rational procedure for regulation of fertility is the development of a safe, though less than percent-effective, program of contraception and the creation of a permis-atmosphere to allow for abortion under hospital operating-room condi-
(94).
TABLE 12
ithematical Model for Maternal Mortality from Pregnancy, Induced Abortion, and
Contraception: Illustrative Annual Rates of Pregnancies and of Deaths
Associated with Contraception, Pregnancy, and Induced
Abortion per 100,000 Women of Reproductive
Age in Fertile Unions
Pregnancies
Deaths
Dntraception, no induced abortion
sntraception, all pregnancies x>rted out of hospital
Dntraception, aborted in hospital
iy effective contraception [pill], D induced abortion
irately effective contraception,
0 induced abortion
irately effective contraception,
1 pregnancies aborted out of ospital
irately effective contraception, sorted in hospital
40,000-60,000
100,000 100,000
100 11,800-13,000
14,300 14,300
8-12
100 3
3
2.5
14.3 0.4
ource:  Tietze (94).ith crii abortion. The study reports that eighteen of forty-two patients with s shock associated with criminal abortion died, producing a case fatality of 43 percent.